Get your hands on our three Kienyeji chicken farming manuals for the price one. Our Kienyeji chicken farming manuals have helped thousands of Kenyan farmers improve their techniques and getter better yields and profits from their Kienyeji chicken farming ventures.
We have three Kienyeji chicken farming manuals that we sell to Kenyan and East African farmers in general. These include the following:-
The Comprehensive Improved Kienyeji Chicken Farming Manual
Kienyeji Feed Formulation Manual
Kienyeji Housing Manual
The Comprehensive Kienyeji Chicken Farming Manual is written by one of the top Kienyeji chicken farming experts in Kenya and covers all the topics in kienyeji farming including breed selection, brooding and brooding management, housing requirements and housing construction, poultry housing and vaccination, diseases and treatment, kienyeji feeding, kienyeji marketing and other topics relating to Kienyeji farming.
The Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation Manual is targeted at farmers who would want to formulate their own poultry feed from home. Includes information on ingredients used in formulating poultry feeds as well as instructions on how to formulate poultry feed rations.
Our Kienyeji housing guide is a simple guide on how to construct Kienyeji chicken housing.
You can now order three manuals for the price of one. Visit www.kienyejichicken.com or send Ksh.500 to 0717 444 786 along with your email address. Kindly note that all the manuals are PDF copies and we send them via email so don’t forget to send your email address upon ordering.
A comprehensive guide to controlling red mites in your kienyeji chickens and other poultry breeds such as Kuroiler, Rainbow Rooster, Indbro etc.
Red mites are generally a tricky issue for many poultry farmers. Unfortunately, it is an issue that you will face as a poultry farmer. The red mites are very tiny parasitic mites that will live in the chicken house during the day and suck off the chicken blood at night. They are quite common and will occur in most all types of chicken coops. The worst red mite infestations generally occur in wooden chicken coops as well as those built with local materials such as mud.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Red Mites?
The chicken become noisy and restless
There is a drop in egg production
The chickens will have pale combs or pale wattles
If you can spot them, you will notice the presence of red mites or grey mites in the chicken coops or in the chickens around the poultry house.
When inspecting your chicken coop for the presence of red mites, make sure you focus on the nesting areas, crevices on the walls, flooring, cracks as well as on the perches in the poultry house. One of the best ways of spotting the presence of red mites in the poultry house is by running a white towel beneath the chicken perches during the night after you have fed your chickens. When you do this, you will be able to spot some red steaks on your white towel. That is a sure sign of the presence of the red mites in the poultry house.
Red Mite Treatment
Red mites are some of the most resilient and most persistent chicken pests that you will have to grapple with. It will take you sometime, to fully get rid of the red mite problem in your chicken coop. However, through persistent management of the problem using the methods suggested in this article, it is possible for you to manage and eventually eliminate the red mites from your chicken coop.
In wooden chicken coops, the initial clean out will take you a few hours. Plastic coops, while not quite popular, take even less time. Here are some steps to follow to get rid of red mites from your chicken coop:
Do a thorough cleaning of the chicken coop
Mix the red mite disinfectant with water according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Apply this throughout the coop ensuring it goes through the cracks and crevices. Leave it for about 10 to 20 minutes.
Use a high pressure hose of water to hose down the chicken coops and the various structures and fixtures inside the coop. When hosing, ensure you get into every nook and cranny inside the coop. These are the areas where the mites live. After hosing, leave it for about 20 to 30 minutes to dry out. After the initial hosing, you will see more mites that have been disturbed by the hosing coming out of the woodwork. Pressure house the chicken house again to get to these red mites. Leave again for about 10 to 20 minutes and see if more red mites are coming out. You should keep on repeating this process until there are no more red mites coming out from their hiding places after every hosing
The poultry house should be left completely dry. It is prudent to do the poultry house cleaning on a sunny day since the UV rays from the sun will help the house dry a lot faster and can also kill off the bacteria.
Put the house back together and spread fresh bedding on the poultry house.
Sprinkle the poultry house with a red mite powder or any anti-mite powder that you may have purchased from your local vet. The powder should also be applied on the chicken perches inside the poultry house. The remaining re mites will have to crawl through the mite powder to reach your chickens and they will be killed in the process.
Reapply the red mite powder after few days to kill off the residual red mites in the poultry house.
Continue using the red mite powder during the hotter months as this is the period when the red mite infestation is usually most common.
The red mites are some of the biggest drains on the productivity of your kienyeji chicken farms so it is important to take measures to control them so as to reduce the stress and increase productivity in your kienyeji chicken farm.
Here are some facts about red mites in chicken:-
Don’t underestimate the scale of the red mite infestation. One single kienyeji chicken can host tens of thousands red mites during feeding time. They feed for about 2 hours.
The red mites feed mostly at night.
The red mites drain the chicken’s blood. In a single night, they can suck out up to 5% of the chicken’s blood!
After sucking the blood, they communicate through pheromones and crawl back to the crevices in the poultry house until the next feeding time.
The red mites generally hide in the walls and crevices of the poultry house. They are also found on the flooring, in the laying boxes, perches and struts. It is important to note these as these area the areas where you will need to focus your efforts when trying to control the infestation. Sometimes, the red mites can move outside the poultry house but they will always come back in full force at night to suck the chicken’s blood.
They multiply very quickly once an infestation has set in. A single red mite can lay hundreds of eggs.
They can hibernate which makes them very difficult to eradicate. They can stay in the crevices for months without feeding waiting for the next flock of chickens.
The red mites will only reproduce when they have fed on the chicken’s blood.
For successful eradication of the red mites, remove the litter after the offlaying, wash and disinfect the poultry house. In Kenya, you can use an acaricide and disinfectants. Make sure that you also wash and spray all the equipment and structures in the poultry house such as the laying nests and perches. Try and seal off the crevices on the walls which serve as their hiding places.
Red Mites can Have a Devastating Impact on Your Poultry Farm
Many farmers may not take the red mites seriously since they don’t result in mortality but the loss in productivity can be staggering. Red mite infestation will cause various production issues. You will definitely notice a certain drop in production especially with the layers. You can also see an increase in the mortality rates.
The main impact is the amount of stress that they cause to the birds resulting in poor feeding. The chickens will be noisier and more restless. With layers, this can cause up to 25% drop in egg production. There is also the drop in the quality of the eggs. You can start seeing blood spots and smears on the eggs.
The birds generally become more depressed and this will in turn lead to a reduction in the preening activity, feather cover and dust bathing. Loss of feather may result in increase feeding activity with poor feed conversion.
From my farming experience, Kienyeji chickens are the easiest chickens to sell since there is always a ready market waiting for you. Kenyans prefer Kienyeji chickens more than ever not just because they are delicious but many Kenyans are increasingly growing suspicious of “factory-farmed” chicken meat such as broilers. They perceive Kienyeji as a healthier choice for them.
If you are raising Kienyeji chickens, here are some of the best places to sell your chickens and eggs:-
The Local Market
This is the most obvious destination for your chicken produce. In my case, the local market absorbs 90% of my chicken produce. Simply pick the healthiest and heaviest of your Kienyeji chickens and take them to the nearest markets.You are likely to sell them in no time. The designated market days are particularly a good time to take your kienyeji chicken to the market.
The Local Middlemen
Do you know any chicken sellers in your locality or neighborhood? Take their phone numbers and inform them whenever you have new flock ready for the market. Besides, letting them know that you are a chicken producer puts you in their list of contacts/leads and they are likely to contact you when they need to procure some new poultry products.
Catering companies in your locality
Do you know a few caterers in your locality? Catering companies can give you very good leads, especially if they have a customer who needs lots of chickens.
Hotels and restaurants
Create a small catalogue of your products with prices and distribute it in the local hotels and restaurants. Letting them know will put you in their minds and list of contacts. Next time their current supplier is unable to meet their needs, they are likely to give you a call.
Create a Facebook page or Group where you can market your poultry products. Join large groups that cater to your city or network and advertise your poultry products in those groups.
Create a website
Create a small website and upload content about your poultry products on the website. You can even include an ordering page so customers can directly order your kienyeji chicken online.
How to Increase the Marketability of Your Kienyeji Chicken
If you have been raising your kienyeji chicken indoors on formulated feed (commercial feed), you are likely to face a small challenge selling them since many customers look at the legs to determine if the chickens have been free-ranging or foraging outside. Buyers prefer chickens that forage outside as opposed to those that feed on the formulated feed indoors throughout their lives.
To increase the marketability of your Kienyeji chickens, allow them to forage outside for at least 6 weeks before they hit the market. During this time, you can put the feeding troughs and drinkers outside in the sun or range area so that the chickens can have a varied diet of formulated feed, grass, legumes, worms and grubs, and scratch the ground while foraging for their feed, ensuring that they are healthy and are growing in “kienyeji-like” conditions which appeals to many buyers.
If you are not planning to raise exotic breeds commercially either for meat or eggs, the other option is to go for the hybrid poultry breeds in Kenya that do not require intensive damage and can do well in free range or semi-free range conditions.
In Kenya, currently, there are five main poultry breeds that you can raise in “kienyeji” conditions. These are:-
The original Kienyeji chicken
KARI Improved Kienyeji chicken
Rainbow Rooster chicken
An overview of the characteristics of the original Kienyeji chicken
Purpose: They can be reared for both meat and eggs
Mature in 6 months
Produce 3 to 10 eggs per month
Cocks will weigh 1.3kg to 1.8kg when fully matured
Hens will weigh 1.2kg to 1.5kg when mature
Excellent sitting or brooding behavior
Very high resistance to diseases
KARI Improved Kienyeji Chicken Characteristics
Raised for both meat and eggs
Will mature in five and a half months
Lay 15 to 20 eggs per month
Cocks weigh 2.0kg to 2.2kg when fully mature
Hens weigh 1.5kg to 1.8kg when mature
Normal feeding. No intensive feeding requirements
Good sitting characteristics especially for the multi-colored variety.
High resistance to diseases
Kuroiler Chicken Characteristics
They are raised for both meat and eggs
They mature in five months
Lay 18 to 20 eggs per month
Cocks weigh 2.2kg to 2.5kg when fully matured
Hens weigh 1.8kg to 2.0kg when mature
Medium feeding requirements
Have poor sitting characteristics
Low resistance to diseases hence high cost for medication
Raised for eggs and meat
Mature in 4 to 5 months
Kenbro chickens lay 20 to 25 eggs per month
Cocks weigh 2.2 to 2.5kg when mature
Hens weigh 1.9kg to 2.2kg when mature
Heavy feeding requirements
No sitting characteristics
Low resistance to diseases
Rainbow Rooster Characteristics
Can be raised for both meat and eggs
Mature in 5 months
Lay 20 to 25 eggs per month
Cocks weigh 1.9kg to 2.2kg
Hens weigh 1.9 to 2.2kg
Medium feeding requirements
No sitting characteristics
They have low resistance to diseases
Check out the table below for a side-by-side comparison of the various “kienyeji” or hybrid chicken breeds that you can raise in Kenya under less intensive conditions.