Category Archives: How to start kienyeji chicken business

Kienyeji Chicken Farming as an Income Generator in Depressed Areas

Kienyeji chicken is an existing resource in a number of households in Kenya and other African countries. It is very rare coming across a home that does not have an average of 5 Kienyeji or indigenous chicken for family subsistence. It is also common to have each of the family members owning chicken in the home from the heads of the household to young primary school children who are ordinarily given a hen to ‘try their luck’ in Kienyeji chicken farming in Kenya and thus address their own private needs like school books and pencils when their chicken multiply.

It also a source of eggs and ready, cheap source of protein meat for ‘change of diet’in settings of poverty. Finally it is a source of almost ready income in cases of emergencies like purchase of drugs to address family illness, buy soap for cleaning among other small but equally important household needs or requirements.

Chicken in a Run: Improved Kienyeji Chicken Farming
Chicken in a Run: Improved Kienyeji Chicken Farming

Smallholder poultry production is therefore a very powerful tool to easily generate income because farmers are basically not re-inventing the wheel but basically working smart on what they have been doing for generations. If we are focused on getting people to take the first steps towards earning significant money from farming, communities that have a history of Kienyeji chicken rearing have to be mobilized through small investments in indigenous chicken production. Smallholder poultry keeping has the potential to a change a people’s way of life because it offers the farmers a number of advantages:

Flexible Production:  This kind of production system at the village level can be adapted or done in different agro-ecological areas thus not limiting in its scope of generating income and particularly the remote and poorer neighborhoods that are resource constrained. The local population only needs to increase their production with only very minimal inputs. This kind of flexibility ensures that anybody almost anywhere in Kenya and indeed in East Africa can keep indigenous (Kienyeji) chicken.

One of the advantages of Kienyeji Chicken Farming is the low cost of production
One of the advantages of Kienyeji Chicken Farming is the low cost of production

Low labour Requirements: Kienyeji chickens in the remote villages are given only what food leftovers are available but largely left to roam and scavenge for their own food. Direct labour going into their rearing is very minimal making it one of the easiest undertakings for low-income earners.

Inexpensive Housing and Low Input: Kienyeji chicken can be kept in any housing that is made using locally available resources and therefore does not require huge investments in housing construction. They are hardy and can live in any condition provided they are not visited by extremes of temperature.

Income Generation:Kienyeji chicken farming can earn any family enough income to help them respond to their basic needs through personal selling by the locals in local markets, to neighbours, institutions like schools and hospitals and in community social events like funerals and weddings.

Kienyeji chicken farming may also be the first rung on the livestock ladder that allows smallholder farmers to progress through increase of economic activities to improve their circumstances. A farmer may keep chicken, save and buy a goat or sheep which multiplies and are sold to buy a cow that supplies milk for the family and earns income.

Kienyeji chicken farming can therefore be employed successfully among the smallholder farmers in rural and peri-urban settings to generate income if farmers are adequately assisted with basic capacity building in increasing production, strengthening financial access and linkages and access to markets so farmers can make contract sales and plan with their lives. We also need to employ effective gender-sensitive methodologies to ensure the organized and profitable rearing of poultry is a source of improved livelihoods not pain in these struggling households where sometimes the chicken belong to the wife during production but ownership cedes to the man at point of sale and use of the money so realized.

 

 

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INBREEDING IN POULTRY FARMING

This is basically a process by which new poultry offspring or chicks are born or produced by closely related parents or offspring. A farmer may for example set a “brother” against “sister” or “father” against “daughter” in the flock. While this may be a good option when a farmer is looking for certain desirable straits to maintain in the flock, it may be counterproductive when certain bad genes currently existing in a given flock are passed on to another generation. This normally happens when a farmer allows inbreeding to happen several times before stopping. While it is not wrong to retain certain traits in a bird through inbreeding like a bird with a good laying ability, a cock that is very aggressive in protecting hens and young ones or chicken with a good feed to meet conversion rate, this should be done sparingly to avoid stopping only after the bad effects of inbreeding start showing.

Kienyeji Cock
Kienyeji Cock

Nearly all inbred lines generated by full siblingmating in chicken fail after just three full sibling matings. Once the inbreeding coefficient goes over this threshold, the lines tend to fail to reproduce one male and one female to continue the line.So inbreeding in chickens is not a very good thing to do a lot of.

The reason people like to line breed (the interbreeding of chicken within a particular line or descent usually to continue or perpetuate desirable characters) is that it is the fastest way to select for a type that is caused by a complex interaction of genes. If you have a superior animal the fastest way to increase the frequency of the superior genes in your line is to line breed.

Line breeding is just when you take the superior parent (hen or rooster) and cross the progeny back to the parent (father to daughter or mother to son). You then take the superior parent and again cross it to its new offspring from the inbred mating. You repeat this until infertility becomes a problem or the parent dies.

You can select other progeny that presumably will be better than average for your flock to breed in non-inbred matings or to other close relatives to try and set the good traits in your line.

Line breeding can produce very rapid gains in the quality of your line for certain traits, but nearly always results in a degeneration of the reproductive capacity of your line and you end up outcrossing and starting over. Outcrossing is the introduction of an outside breed in the flock to break the cycle of inbreeding.  Line breeding for a few generations can give you some outstanding birds at a higher frequency than you would get by not inbreeding. But eventually this has very undesirable consequences. This is why commercial breeding companies try to avoid inbreeding and concentrate on improving the whole population. The gains are not as dramatic, but they do not fall in the trap of the adverse effects.

The best advice is that if you inbreed always use a superior animal for the mating. If you do not you are just increasing the bad genes in your line.

Any mating between related individuals is inbreeding.  Line breeding and full sib mating cause the same amount of inbreeding for the first two inbred generations.  Theoretically line breeding and full sib matings should have the same detrimental results for the first two inbred generations.  Full-sib mating would be more detrimental for the 3rd and subsequent inbred generations.

The difference is that all the inbreeding comes from the superior parent in line breeding, but half the inbreeding comes from the inferior parent in full-sib matings.  This is why it is recommended that inbred matings involving only birds that you think are good enough to warrant it.

Effects of Inbreeding

  • Hatch rates begin to decline. A bird that lays 300 eggs through to its adult life slowly starts decreasing its hatching rate to even 170 or 100.

 

  • Deformation: birth deformities begin to occur in the birds especially if this has been done several times.

 

  • Higher percentage of failed eggs in the incubator.

 

  • Chicks that are lucky enough to hatch are very weak and their survival rate is very low.

 

  • The quality and palatability of the meat of the inbred chicken also slowly declines and eating such birds may have some bad after tastes or are just not tasty as the pedigree offspring.

 

The best thing to do to avoid the adverse effects of inbreeding is to run two roosters; one who is the best from your flock and one from an outside bloodline. This is called out crossing and the mix of genes this provides is sufficient to prevent genetic defects.

So you can do it sparingly if you must maintain certain superior characteristics in your flock but do not overdo it. Outcross Instead!

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Join Our Kienyeji Chicken VIP Club

WE have launched a new package of products and services called the Kienyeji VIP Club. VIP members will pay an annual fee of Ksh.2500 and will get access to a vast array of resources and services to boost your Kienyeji Chicken farming venture. As a Kienyeji Chicken VIP Club member, you will get the following free services:-

  • Access all our kienyeji farming manuals for free including the following: The Improved Kienyeji Chicken Farming Manual, the Kienyeji Feed Formulation Manual, the Kienyeji Housing Manual. The membership also guarantees you free access to all the manuals that we will produce for the rest of the year on Kienyeji Chicken Farming.
  • Get free on-phone consultations service on how to start and manage your Kienyeji farming venture. As a VIP member, you can call us at any time and we will allocate time to offer you detailed advice and consultations on how to start and manage your Kienyeji business.
  • Get free information on where to source your Kienyeji Chicken.
  • Get free Kienyeji market linkages: Once your Kienyeji chicken mature, you can talk to us and we will get you the market for your products for free.
  • Free advice on incubation for your Kienyeji Chicken.
  • Get chicken incubator rentals from us at affordable prices
  • Get free advice on where to source Kienyeji Funding as Quickly as Possible. WE will connect you to a direct Microfinance institution where you can apply for Kienyeji Farming Loans and get them approved in a week or less.
  • Get access to our marketing channels and reach 100,000 people monthly: As a VIP member, we will market your Kienyeji Business and products on all our websites, blogs and Facebook pages to help you reach a wider market. Through our marketing channels, we assure you of exposure to a massive market of up 100,000 people that we reach monthly through our media.

Sounds Exciting? Call us on 0717444786 or email improvedkienyeji@gmail.com for more information on our VIP Club.

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Poultry Feed Formulation Manual is Out

Our poultry Feed Formulation Manual is out. The 36 page manual contains a step by step guide on how you can cheaply and profitably formulate your own poultry feeds using simple and easily accessible raw materials. The feed formulae provided can be used to formulate feeds not just for Kienyeji chicken but also for the exotic layers and broilers. The manual contains the following topics:-

  • Poultry nutrition general information: Feed ingredients and additives
  • Energy and nutrients for your poultry
  • Protein Feeding Requirements for your poultry
  • Vitamins for your poultry
  • Feeding programs for broilers
  • Feeding program for replacement pullets
  • Feeding Program for laying hens
  • Nutrient Requirements for your poultry
  • Chicken Feeds: Chick Mash
  • Chicken Feeds: Growers Mash
  • Chicken Feeds: Layers Mash
  • Feeding Regime for Different Ages of Chicken
  • Principles of Poultry Nutrition
  • Formulating a Tonne of layers mash
  • Formulating a Tonne of Growers Mash
  • Formulating a Tonne of Chick Mash
  • Additional Poultry Formulation Notes

For orders of the Poultry Feed Formulation Manual, please call 0711417887 or email improvedkienyeji@gmail.com. The manual goes for Ksh.500.

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Professional Training Services on Kienyeji Chicken Farming

Looking for professional training services on Kienyeji chicken farming and management in any corner of Kenya? We do capacity building in poultry and commercialization of poultry production to self-help groups, CBOs, NGOs and other organizations working with smallholder farmers as beneficiaries in economic empowerment.

The training encompasses the following 3 phases”

Poultry Production and Commercialization of chicken production

Phase 1 of Training on Kienyeji Chicken Farming

1. Role of Indigenous Chicken in Household Economy (Gender roles, food security, income generation)

2. Production systems and profitability (Organized chicken production)

3. Disease control and bio-security

4. Chick Management (DoC-8 weeks)

5. Flock Management ( keeping the flock healthy and productive, flock sizes, general biosecurity, laying, brooding and hatching)

6. Chicken housing ( types of housing, construction of chicken house, roost and perches, maintaining a chicken house, provision of nest and protection from predators and theft)

7. Feeds and Feeding

Phase II of Training on Kienyeji Chicken Farming

8. Breeding Management (Chicken selection and mating, breed selection, characteristics of a good layer/meat bird, cross breeding)

9. Record Keeping and profitability

Phase III of Training on Kienyeji Chicken Farming

10. Marketing and value additions

11. Financial Literacy Training

12. Other diseases and vices

Contact us for further engagement.

For additional information on this training program, call 0711417887 or email improvedkienyeji@gmail.com

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