There are many reasons why your kienyeji chicken may go blind. For example, they may have suffered an eye trauma following a fight or scratching by other chickens or they may get blind due to diseases such as sinusitis.
A common reason, though, why your chickens may suffer full or partial blindness is due to the effect of ammonia burns caused by poor ventilation.
If the poultry housing is not well ventilated, there will be an accumulation of ammonia gas in the poultry shed. Ammonia is a highly irritating gas and can lead to ammonia burns on the eyes that causes full or partial blindness.
The ammonia burns on the eyes of your chickens will begin with watery eyes and then progress to an accumulation of solidified pus-like substance in the eyes. This will eventually lead to a condition called keratoconjuctivitis.
There are various steps that you can undertake in order to reduce the accumulation of ammonia gas in your poultry house. These include the following:-
Avoid fully covering the poultry house at night. There are harmful gases and substances emitted by the poultry waste that must be taken out via the ventilation system in the poultry house. These are ammonia gas, carbon-dioxide and even dust. Fresh air from outside also needs to get into the poultry house.
Make sure that litter in the poultry house is not wet. If the litter is accumulated, remove it after every four weeks and add fresh litter in the poultry house. Water spillage can cause a lot of sanitation problems in the poultry house so these must be removed as quickly as possible.
The bird should be spaced out well in the poultry house so as to avoid overcrowding. When constructing a poultry house, you must also take into account the number of chickens that you are planning to raise. The size of the poultry house must support the desired stocking density.
Treatment for Blind Chickens
There are certain blindness in chicken that still be reversed while others such as those caused by trauma are irreversible.
For birds affected by ammonia burns, you can use eye ointments such as Probeta or even a tetracycline eye ointment. Make sure that you apply the eye ointment twice a day for three .days and check if you see any improvement. You can also contact your nearest vet.
The toughest phase in raising your kienyeji chickens is during the chick brooding. This is the period when they are most delicate and where mistakes can be quite costly.
Many farmers prefer to start raising the chicks on their own right from the first day when the chicks are one day old. It is generally cheaper to acquire chicks at this stage so you can build a fairly large flock within a very short period of time.
However, the chick brooding stage requires special as well as intensive care in order to boost the survivability of the chicks. The problem is that many of the farmers who acquire the chicks are generally insufficiently prepared for the first few weeks. As a result, they end up incurring high mortality and huge losses that can easily be avoided.
The first few weeks of the chicks’ life is important not just for the survivability. The chicks may survive but if you didn’t give them optimal care during this stage, it may still end up impacting their physiological and development processes and thus impacting their yield.
One of the most critical factors during this stage is warmth. It is imperative that the chicks are given optimal warmth and protection. In natural brooding setting, the mother’s body and feathers is sufficient to supply the kids with optimal natural warmth.
However, in an artificial brooding environment, you have to try and recreate this environment to boost the chicks chances. You have to ensure that you are getting the artificial brooding conditions. That will require consulting widely and acquiring the right equipment for the task. The type of brooding conditions that you provide will have an impact on the chicks’ growth.
To prevent the chicks from huddling in one corner and thereby overcrowding and getting injured or suffocated, it is advisable that you use the brooder rings which are quite advantageous as they do not have corners.
Additionally, you must make sure that you have fumigated and disinfected the poultry house before you introduce the chicks into the poultry house.
The chicks are generally quite sensitive and delicate while they are still young so the farmer must go the extra mile to provide a sterile environment where they can grow safely.
Make sure that the litter and the bedding is disinfected and dried before they are spread on the brooder ring to line the flooring.
You can also use a newspaper layer to line the litter in the poultry house. This should also be sprayed lightly with some disinfectant. Make sure that you change the newspaper lining on a regular basis, at least after every two to three days. When it comes to raising day old chicks, you must never compromise on the hygiene.
Chicks are covered in light feathers that offer very little insulation from the temperature extremes. This makes them fully reliant on the external heat source for survival. If you don’t provide optimal brooding temperatures, the chicks are either going to die from cold or heat stress.
Low temperatures will stunt the growth of the chicks as the feeds they take in is converted into heat instead of being used to power their growth. In brooding conditions, you must there provide a reliable external heat source such as infra-red heating system or just the normal jikos or ovens that will provide the chicks with sufficient heat.
The heat source provided in the brooding area must be centrally situated inside the brooder ring. During the first week, maintain the temperatures at 32 degrees Celsius.
When introducing heat into the brooding area, make sure that you carefully observe the chick behavior. If it is too hot inside the brooder ring, the chicks will move away from the heat source. If it is too cold, the chicks are going to huddle together under the heat source. If the temperatures are ok, the chicks will be evenly distributed inside the brooder ring.
The brooder must be supplied with adequate lighting. The lighting is necessary to help the day old chicks locate the food and water inside the brooder ring. During the first 7 days after the chick placement, make sure that you provide bright lighting inside the brooder ring.
However, as the chicks grow older, make sure that you reduce or step down the lighting gradually so as to prevent cannibalism in the birds.
You must maintain very good air quality inside the brooder ring. This is particularly important if you are using the charcoal burners to keep the poultry house warm. A high accumulation of carbon monoxide in the poultry house is likely to lead to gas poisoning. On the other hand, a high concentration of ammonia gas in the poultry house is likely to cause ammonia burns and blindness in your chickens.
We have provided a vaccination schedule for your kienyeji chicken on this website that you must make sure you follow religiously. Also, make sure you provide the chicks with multivitamins before and after the vaccination.
Feed and Water
You can start your chicks off with a starter mash and eventually, you will introduce them into a grower mash. Make sure you provide the chicks with clean and fresh water at all times. Chickens will never forgive you if you fail to meet their water needs. It is likely to impact their development and productivity over the long term. During the early stages, you can also supply the chicks with a chick booster which is a mixture of glucose and vitamins.
It is said that the average Kenyan has at least six income streams. That is according to the Global Entrepreneurship Summit which just concluded in Nairobi. How many do you have? If you are only relying on your job as your source of income, then you will be sitting on very shaky financial ground. One area where you can invest and get certain returns from your investments is in the Kienyeji chicken farming.
Unlike in the past where kienyeji was characterized with very low yields, modern poultry farmers have an opportunity to reap massive incomes from the indigenous poultry farming business. The breeds have improved considerably due to extensive research by organizations such as KARI. As a result, it is possible for you to build a massive flock with extensive investments on your side in terms of both money and time.
One practice that you can adopt is the Improved kienyeji chicken farming with we have covered extensively in our poultry farming guide and manuals. Here are some of the benefits that you will be able to get by engaging in kienyeji chicken rearing:-
Commercial kienyeji chicken farming in Kenya has generated lots of incomes for many entrepreneurs and as the demand for organic kienyeji meat and egg products arises, farmers have greater access to markets for their produce. We also help farmers market their products so that they can reach these markets as quickly as possible and get good returns on their investments.
Through kienyeji chicken farming on a commercial scale, you can also generate small scale employment back home and use this business to also sustain your aging parents and grandparents. If you do it on a big scale, you can get good income to sustain even yourself so that you can save your salary and other sources of income. It is also very easy to scale it up so you can easily build your flock and have a very large number of birds.
Poultry business will never dry up in Kenya. So even if you start now, you can still make as much money as those who started before you. The important thing is to arm yourself with the right knowledge on how to do this right and have the contacts that can help you along the way as you build your kienyeji chicken business in Kenya. All the main poultry products in Kenya have great demand and there is also a very good demand for Kenyan poultry products outside the country.
The required initial investments for the kienyeji chicken business in Kenya is not too high. A one day old chick costs only Ksh.100, and a moderate size of kienyeji chicken structures which can accommodate up to 100 chicks can cost you anywhere from Ksh.10,000 to Ksh.20,000 depending on the types of the materials that you choose.
Apart from the KARI improved kienyeji breeds which are very high yielding, you can choose from many other hardy and high yielding foreign breeds from India such as the Rainbow Rooster and the Kuroiler which also mature faster and produce more meat and eggs without any extensive management on your part.
You can always start kienyeji chicken business in Kenya with very a simple and small scale production and then you can upgrade this later and incorporate something that is more sophisticated.
There are lots of bank loans throughout Kenya which can help you set up your kienyeji chicken farm easily.
There are numerous farms and farmer training workshops where you can learn about kienyeji chicken business in Kenya before you plunge in. You can also buy our Kienyeji chicken manuals which offer comprehensive tips on the kienyeji business.
Worried about where to find Kienyeji chicken market in Kenya for your products?
If you are rearing Kienyeji chicken or planning to venture into the business, one of your main worries is probably how you are going to get market for your Kienyeji produce. Previously, we have been offering marketing services to customers who have contracted our services in other areas such as advice, consultancy, and supply of chicks amongst others.
But now we want to make the service open to all. If you have kienyeji hens or eggs and you wish to market it to Kenyans, we can now offer you unlimited marketing contacts throughout the year through our Kienyeji Marketing Network. Members of our marketing network pay a subscription fee of Ksh.500 per year and can subsequently call us on 0717444786 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org whenever they have chickens that they need to sell urgently in any part of Kenya. Our extensive reach in Kenya means that no matter your location in Kenya, we can always get you a market when you need.
The Products that you can sell through our Kienyeji Chicken Marketing Network include the following:-
One Day Old Chicks
1, 2 or three month old hens
Kienyeji Commercial Feeds
Veterinary products and services
Kienyeji farming equipment and inputs
Join our Marketing Network Today and stop worrying about where to sell your Kienyeji products.
If you have been following up on our progress the last few weeks, you will know that we have a fairly robust online presence in order to disseminate our services and information as much as possible. Apart from this informational blog on Kienyeji Chicken Farming, we also have our website where you can order your Kienyeji Chicken Farming Manual at KienyejiChicken.com. Our very first blog before we built the two websites was http://kienyejichicken.blogspot.com.
We also built a Facebook Page where we share various tips, updates and get to interact with Kienyeji Chicken Farmers. That Facebook Page can be found here https://www.facebook.com/KienyejiChickenFarmingManual. And that Facebook page has now hit 10,000 fans. To celebrate that milestone, we are offering the Kienyeji Chicken Farming Manual for only Ksh.400 this weekend.
We have more products and services lined up for you in May in order to support your Kienyeji Chicken business. These include the following:-
Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation Manual
Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation Weekly Training Programs
Kienyeji Supplies in Nairobi
Watch this space and we will let you know as we roll out new services. Happy weekend everyone.