Category Archives: Kienyeji chicken feed formulation

Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation

Poultry feed formulation is both an art and science; a science in the sense that you have get the empirical side right and an art because you need to understand your poultry feed ingredients and use what is locally available. You have to use the right ingredients and mix them in the right proportion.

Formulating Poultry Feeds
Formulating Poultry Feeds

That requires understanding the nutritional needs of the chickens at every growing stage and then formulating a poultry feed that will meet their growth needs.

The feed formulation should both be accurate and economical so as to help the poultry flock hit their genetic potential of productivity without necessarily stretching your budget.

You need to understand each of the feed ingredients that you will in the feed formulation in terms of their nutritional composition, the nutritional constraints, ease of processing as well as the availability of these poultry feed ingredients in your locality. Poultry feeds account for 70% of the production costs so the economical side of poultry feed formulation must be looked at very closely.

In some cases where a certain raw material is not readily available at an affordable pricing, you will have to substitute it with another. You have to ensure that the raw material that you will be using as a substitute must nutritionally complement the one that you are replacing, otherwise you are going to meet the nutritional needs of your kienyeji chickens or commercial chicken breeds.

Poultry feed formulation is generally a very delicate process. Any slight mistake is going to have a serious impact on the feed utilization and long term productivity of your flock. This can be a serious issue where you have a large flock numbering in their thousands and their yields are going down considerably due to poor quality feeds, while the cost of feeding is remaining largely constant.

In commercial production systems, this will be characterized by decreased egg laying performance along with poor growth and underweight birds.

We have written widely on poultry feed formulation over the years. Please refer to the numerous articles, tips and guides that we have covered in this area:-

Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation Guide

Learn Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation

Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation

Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation Manual and Training

Kienyeji Feeds: Supplementing the Diet for Your Kienyeji Feeds


Kienyeji Feeds: Supplementing the Diets for Your Improved Kienyeji Chickens

The Improved Kienyeji Chicken breeds and other hybrids such as Kuroiler and Rainbow Rooster are actually meant to be reared in a free range environment or semi-intensive environment where they can scavenge for their own food. However, farmers generally give them the feed formulation such as the chick mash, growers mash, layers mash or finishers depending on the breeds in order to maximize on the production. Buying commercial food is however quite costly. You could easily see your feeding costs running to up to Ksh.12,000 per month for a flock of 200 birds if you do not manage your costs carefully.

Start by making a hole through the cabbage using a wooden or metallic rod. You will then pass a rope, like the white laundry rope, through the hole
Start by making a hole through the cabbage using a wooden or metallic rod. You will then pass a rope, like the white laundry rope, through the hole
Hanging a Cabbage for Your Chickens
Hanging a Cabbage for Your Chickens

One way to cut down on the costs and also vary the diet and prevent boredom in your birds is by supplementing their diets with various other feeds, particularly the household leftovers. There are some taboo foods that you should NEVER give your chickens such as garlic, onions or even potato peels. Those are out of bounds.

Also when you are supplementing the diet of your poultry, it is important that you do in moderation. Don’t overfeed them on food leftovers all of a sudden. Do it little by little and also gradually. It is important to keep in mind that the majority of the intake for your improved breeds should come from their foods such as layers mash in order to maximize on their production. These commercial feeds have been formulated in order to meet the all the dietary requirements of your chickens so that they can thrive well in your backyard and also lay more eggs or mature faster if you are rearing them for meat.

Yellow Maize is Very Good For Your Chicken
Yellow Maize is Very Good For Your Chicken

If you over supplement, you could not just compromise the health of your chickens but also decrease egg production. Do it but do it moderation. Feed in the morning and in the afternoon, let them scavenge in the chicken run up to about 6pm in the evening. Hang cabbages and other vegetable leftovers in the chicken runs in order to keep them busy when they are retiring in the evening or running away from the hot sunshine outside. Another way to save on feeding costs is by formulating your own feeds. For additional information on Kienyeji Feed Formulation, visit here.

Here is a List of Some of the Food Leftovers that your Chicken Can Eat:-

  • Cooked Beans
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbages
  • Carrots
  • Tomatoes
  • Pumpkins
  • Sukuma Wiki
  • Spinach
  • Cauliflower
  • Cooked potatoes-don’t give them peels
  • Crushed maize, especially yellow maize
  • Bananas
  • Strawberries
  • Apples
  • Cooked rice
  • Bread
  • Grit
  • Cheese
  • Omena
  • Ochong’a or small reddish fishes. They are smaller than omena
  • Dried and crushed egg shells

Things to AVOID Giving Your Chickens

  • Onions
  • Avocado skin
  • Sugar
  • Salt
  • Citrus
  • Uncooked beans
  • Raw potato skins

Feeding for Improved Kienyeji Breeds

The advantage of feeding the improved kienyeji and other hybrid breeds such as Rainbow Rooster and Kuroiler chickens is that you can easily cut down on your feeding costs by supplementing the commercial feeds with some of the local feeds after 8 weeks when they are transitioning to growers mash.  You can feed with the following:-

  • Include local feeds such as grains (such as the sunflower seeds, sorghum, maize, kitchen waste and crushed groundnuts),omena, fish.
  • Include the green vegetables such as cabbages, sukuma wiki and spinach. Check out our post on how to hang cabbages for your chicken in the chicken house.
  • Supplement the local feeds that you are giving them with some of the top quality commercial feeds such as Fugo Growers Mash or Unga Feeds. You can divide these equally. 50% of the feeding can include the top quality formulated commercial feeds and 50% local feeds such as the ones listed above.
  • For example, if you are feeding layers, give each layer two handfuls of the layers mash and two handfuls of local feeds every day. For chicks, you can put them purely on a diet of the formulated commercial feeds at least for the first three weeks before you introduce the local feeds in order to ensure fast growth. A good commercial formulated feed that you can give chicks in the first eight weeks is the Fugo Fast Gro Starter Mash.

Feeding Your Broilers

The broilers should be fed well in order to ensure fast growth and better profits for your chicken farming business.  Unlike other chicken breeds where you need to measure feeds and give them a certain ration per day, do not measure the feed that you give your broilers. Provide them with as much food as they want to eat in order to ensure fast growth of the chickens.  At six weeks, you can slaughter the broilers. At this point, they should be weighing at least 1.4Kg.

Below is a schedule for feeding your broilers:-

Feeding Schedule for Broilers
Feeding Schedule for Broilers

Feeding Your Layers

Below is a program that you can follow when feeding your layers in order to ensure maximum egg production. You can put a drop of paraffin in the water as this will help the chicks to pass out dung easily.

How to feed your layers
How to feed your layers


“We forget that the water cycle and the life cycle are one” – Jacques Yves Cousteau
Water is probably the single most important component in chicken feeding and rearing. Most farmers may take it for granted but giving water in large quantities could be the one of the greatest things you do to chicken any day. The phrase ‘ad lib’ is usually used in describing how much water you give to chicken which basically means giving water in large quantities ‘without any restraint.’ In fact it has always been the misfortune of farmers we visit their farms when we tell them to take a glass of the water they give to their chicken. Ordinarily you will find water in the drinkers and when you ask where it comes from, the farmer shows you some dirty water in a jerrican or from a well that they themselves cannot drink. We always tell farmers to give chicken water that they themselves can drink. If cornered!

Chicken Drinkers
Chicken Drinkers

Chicken need water critically for a number of reasons but the following are the main ones;


Water is involved in every process of chicken metabolism. It helps in regulating body temperature, digestion of food and the expulsion of wastes from the body. At normal temperature chicken will consume twice as much water as feed. In cases where heat stress sets in, the intake of water will double or quadruple.

Essential Nutrient

Water is by far the single greatest constituent of the body, and, represents about 70% of total body weight. Access to water is very important, and a lack of water for several hours will probably cause a decline in egg production. Hens are more sensitive to a lack of water than a lack of feed.


Water in the crop of chicken makes feed softer so digestion can take place. Without the water, dry feed forms clumps in the crop that can press on the bird’s carotid artery, decreasing blood flow to the brain. This can cause paralysis and possible death. Poultry anatomy makes it worse. A split in the upper hard palate of the beak allows air into the nasal passages and prevents the chicken from forming a vacuum in its mouth. Hens, therefore, rely on gravity to draw water into the crop.

‘Pure water is the world’s first and foremost medicine.’ ~Slovakian Proverb

Egg Production

Each egg consists of approximately 75% water and hence without access to a regular, clean supply of water, a hen will be physically unable to produce eggs.

Required Amounts of Water

Water and food go hand in hand and so reduced water consumption by the chicken will also lead to reduce feed intake. Other factors affect water intake like the dryness of the feeds and changes in temperature. Chickens drink between 30-50% more water when the environmental temperature is above 32oC compared with when it is 21oC. Water intake is also affected by the type of drinkers used.

Chicken drinking water
Chicken drinking water

NB:The rule of thumb for water intake is that water intake is ordinarily 1.5 to 2 times feed intake.Bottom of Form

Top of Form

Bottom of For

“Thousands have lived without love, not one without water.” – W. H. Auden

For additional information take a look at our manuals or visit your nearest veterinarian!



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