Category Archives: Kienyeji chicken feeding program

Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation

Poultry feed formulation is both an art and science; a science in the sense that you have get the empirical side right and an art because you need to understand your poultry feed ingredients and use what is locally available. You have to use the right ingredients and mix them in the right proportion.

Formulating Poultry Feeds
Formulating Poultry Feeds

That requires understanding the nutritional needs of the chickens at every growing stage and then formulating a poultry feed that will meet their growth needs.

The feed formulation should both be accurate and economical so as to help the poultry flock hit their genetic potential of productivity without necessarily stretching your budget.

You need to understand each of the feed ingredients that you will in the feed formulation in terms of their nutritional composition, the nutritional constraints, ease of processing as well as the availability of these poultry feed ingredients in your locality. Poultry feeds account for 70% of the production costs so the economical side of poultry feed formulation must be looked at very closely.

In some cases where a certain raw material is not readily available at an affordable pricing, you will have to substitute it with another. You have to ensure that the raw material that you will be using as a substitute must nutritionally complement the one that you are replacing, otherwise you are going to meet the nutritional needs of your kienyeji chickens or commercial chicken breeds.

Poultry feed formulation is generally a very delicate process. Any slight mistake is going to have a serious impact on the feed utilization and long term productivity of your flock. This can be a serious issue where you have a large flock numbering in their thousands and their yields are going down considerably due to poor quality feeds, while the cost of feeding is remaining largely constant.

In commercial production systems, this will be characterized by decreased egg laying performance along with poor growth and underweight birds.

We have written widely on poultry feed formulation over the years. Please refer to the numerous articles, tips and guides that we have covered in this area:-

Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation Guide

Learn Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation

Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation

Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation Manual and Training

Kienyeji Feeds: Supplementing the Diet for Your Kienyeji Feeds


Kienyeji Feeds: Supplementing the Diets for Your Improved Kienyeji Chickens

The Improved Kienyeji Chicken breeds and other hybrids such as Kuroiler and Rainbow Rooster are actually meant to be reared in a free range environment or semi-intensive environment where they can scavenge for their own food. However, farmers generally give them the feed formulation such as the chick mash, growers mash, layers mash or finishers depending on the breeds in order to maximize on the production. Buying commercial food is however quite costly. You could easily see your feeding costs running to up to Ksh.12,000 per month for a flock of 200 birds if you do not manage your costs carefully.

Start by making a hole through the cabbage using a wooden or metallic rod. You will then pass a rope, like the white laundry rope, through the hole
Start by making a hole through the cabbage using a wooden or metallic rod. You will then pass a rope, like the white laundry rope, through the hole
Hanging a Cabbage for Your Chickens
Hanging a Cabbage for Your Chickens

One way to cut down on the costs and also vary the diet and prevent boredom in your birds is by supplementing their diets with various other feeds, particularly the household leftovers. There are some taboo foods that you should NEVER give your chickens such as garlic, onions or even potato peels. Those are out of bounds.

Also when you are supplementing the diet of your poultry, it is important that you do in moderation. Don’t overfeed them on food leftovers all of a sudden. Do it little by little and also gradually. It is important to keep in mind that the majority of the intake for your improved breeds should come from their foods such as layers mash in order to maximize on their production. These commercial feeds have been formulated in order to meet the all the dietary requirements of your chickens so that they can thrive well in your backyard and also lay more eggs or mature faster if you are rearing them for meat.

Yellow Maize is Very Good For Your Chicken
Yellow Maize is Very Good For Your Chicken

If you over supplement, you could not just compromise the health of your chickens but also decrease egg production. Do it but do it moderation. Feed in the morning and in the afternoon, let them scavenge in the chicken run up to about 6pm in the evening. Hang cabbages and other vegetable leftovers in the chicken runs in order to keep them busy when they are retiring in the evening or running away from the hot sunshine outside. Another way to save on feeding costs is by formulating your own feeds. For additional information on Kienyeji Feed Formulation, visit here.

Here is a List of Some of the Food Leftovers that your Chicken Can Eat:-

  • Cooked Beans
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbages
  • Carrots
  • Tomatoes
  • Pumpkins
  • Sukuma Wiki
  • Spinach
  • Cauliflower
  • Cooked potatoes-don’t give them peels
  • Crushed maize, especially yellow maize
  • Bananas
  • Strawberries
  • Apples
  • Cooked rice
  • Bread
  • Grit
  • Cheese
  • Omena
  • Ochong’a or small reddish fishes. They are smaller than omena
  • Dried and crushed egg shells

Things to AVOID Giving Your Chickens

  • Onions
  • Avocado skin
  • Sugar
  • Salt
  • Citrus
  • Uncooked beans
  • Raw potato skins

Feeding for Improved Kienyeji Breeds

The advantage of feeding the improved kienyeji and other hybrid breeds such as Rainbow Rooster and Kuroiler chickens is that you can easily cut down on your feeding costs by supplementing the commercial feeds with some of the local feeds after 8 weeks when they are transitioning to growers mash.  You can feed with the following:-

  • Include local feeds such as grains (such as the sunflower seeds, sorghum, maize, kitchen waste and crushed groundnuts),omena, fish.
  • Include the green vegetables such as cabbages, sukuma wiki and spinach. Check out our post on how to hang cabbages for your chicken in the chicken house.
  • Supplement the local feeds that you are giving them with some of the top quality commercial feeds such as Fugo Growers Mash or Unga Feeds. You can divide these equally. 50% of the feeding can include the top quality formulated commercial feeds and 50% local feeds such as the ones listed above.
  • For example, if you are feeding layers, give each layer two handfuls of the layers mash and two handfuls of local feeds every day. For chicks, you can put them purely on a diet of the formulated commercial feeds at least for the first three weeks before you introduce the local feeds in order to ensure fast growth. A good commercial formulated feed that you can give chicks in the first eight weeks is the Fugo Fast Gro Starter Mash.

Feeding Your Broilers

The broilers should be fed well in order to ensure fast growth and better profits for your chicken farming business.  Unlike other chicken breeds where you need to measure feeds and give them a certain ration per day, do not measure the feed that you give your broilers. Provide them with as much food as they want to eat in order to ensure fast growth of the chickens.  At six weeks, you can slaughter the broilers. At this point, they should be weighing at least 1.4Kg.

Below is a schedule for feeding your broilers:-

Feeding Schedule for Broilers
Feeding Schedule for Broilers

Feeding Your Layers

Below is a program that you can follow when feeding your layers in order to ensure maximum egg production. You can put a drop of paraffin in the water as this will help the chicks to pass out dung easily.

How to feed your layers
How to feed your layers

Poultry Feed Formulation Manual is Out

Our poultry Feed Formulation Manual is out. The 36 page manual contains a step by step guide on how you can cheaply and profitably formulate your own poultry feeds using simple and easily accessible raw materials. The feed formulae provided can be used to formulate feeds not just for Kienyeji chicken but also for the exotic layers and broilers. The manual contains the following topics:-

  • Poultry nutrition general information: Feed ingredients and additives
  • Energy and nutrients for your poultry
  • Protein Feeding Requirements for your poultry
  • Vitamins for your poultry
  • Feeding programs for broilers
  • Feeding program for replacement pullets
  • Feeding Program for laying hens
  • Nutrient Requirements for your poultry
  • Chicken Feeds: Chick Mash
  • Chicken Feeds: Growers Mash
  • Chicken Feeds: Layers Mash
  • Feeding Regime for Different Ages of Chicken
  • Principles of Poultry Nutrition
  • Formulating a Tonne of layers mash
  • Formulating a Tonne of Growers Mash
  • Formulating a Tonne of Chick Mash
  • Additional Poultry Formulation Notes

For orders of the Poultry Feed Formulation Manual, please call 0711417887 or email The manual goes for Ksh.500.


Learn Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation

The latest additional to our informational resources is a training manual and a training workshop on the Kienyeji Feed Formulation. Farmers who formulate their own feeds typically save as much as 65% on their feeding costs and can as a result increase their profits considerably when practicing kienyeji or the free range chicken farming. Feed formulation makes a particular sense when you are running a large scale kienyeji chicken farm where the cost of feeding is cutting deeply into your profits.

With our feed formulation manual and training workshops, we will equip you with the requisite skills that will enable you formulate your own feeds for your kienyeji chicken. What is here is the formula for formulation or constituting one tonne of feed or 100Kg. A farmer or entrepreneur can customize it to the number of kilos they are formulating depending on their needs by just dividing by the number of Kilograms. You can simply extrapolate this in order to produce as much feed as would wish to.

The best thing about learning feed formulation is that you can specialize in this and start a commercial kienyeji feed formulation business where you supply other farmers with top quality feeds. What we often advise during training sessions is that you avoid cutting corners. We will teach you the skills that you can use in order to ethically produce top quality feed that will improve yields and we expect participants will internalize this knowledge and use it in the ethical production of chicken feed.

There is so much that we cover in this training in order to help you in formulating top quality feeds. These include the following:-

  • The full list of raw materials that you will need for kienyeji feed formulation.
  • How to prepare chick mash, growers mash and the layers mash
  • Protecting the feed from toxins
  • Formula or Ratio for mixing the various ingredients
  • Feed preservation
  • Packaging and storage

If you are interested in taking part in this training next month in May, please drop us an email at to reserve your place and will inform you on the scheduled date for the kienyeji chicken feed formulation training. We will charge a small fee per person for the training.