Category Archives: Kienyeji Chicken Feeding

Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation

Poultry feed formulation is both an art and science; a science in the sense that you have get the empirical side right and an art because you need to understand your poultry feed ingredients and use what is locally available. You have to use the right ingredients and mix them in the right proportion.

Formulating Poultry Feeds
Formulating Poultry Feeds

That requires understanding the nutritional needs of the chickens at every growing stage and then formulating a poultry feed that will meet their growth needs.

The feed formulation should both be accurate and economical so as to help the poultry flock hit their genetic potential of productivity without necessarily stretching your budget.

You need to understand each of the feed ingredients that you will in the feed formulation in terms of their nutritional composition, the nutritional constraints, ease of processing as well as the availability of these poultry feed ingredients in your locality. Poultry feeds account for 70% of the production costs so the economical side of poultry feed formulation must be looked at very closely.

In some cases where a certain raw material is not readily available at an affordable pricing, you will have to substitute it with another. You have to ensure that the raw material that you will be using as a substitute must nutritionally complement the one that you are replacing, otherwise you are going to meet the nutritional needs of your kienyeji chickens or commercial chicken breeds.

Poultry feed formulation is generally a very delicate process. Any slight mistake is going to have a serious impact on the feed utilization and long term productivity of your flock. This can be a serious issue where you have a large flock numbering in their thousands and their yields are going down considerably due to poor quality feeds, while the cost of feeding is remaining largely constant.

In commercial production systems, this will be characterized by decreased egg laying performance along with poor growth and underweight birds.

We have written widely on poultry feed formulation over the years. Please refer to the numerous articles, tips and guides that we have covered in this area:-

Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation Guide

Learn Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation

Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation

Kienyeji Chicken Feed Formulation Manual and Training

Kienyeji Feeds: Supplementing the Diet for Your Kienyeji Feeds


Kienyeji Feeds: Supplementing the Diets for Your Improved Kienyeji Chickens

The Improved Kienyeji Chicken breeds and other hybrids such as Kuroiler and Rainbow Rooster are actually meant to be reared in a free range environment or semi-intensive environment where they can scavenge for their own food. However, farmers generally give them the feed formulation such as the chick mash, growers mash, layers mash or finishers depending on the breeds in order to maximize on the production. Buying commercial food is however quite costly. You could easily see your feeding costs running to up to Ksh.12,000 per month for a flock of 200 birds if you do not manage your costs carefully.

Start by making a hole through the cabbage using a wooden or metallic rod. You will then pass a rope, like the white laundry rope, through the hole
Start by making a hole through the cabbage using a wooden or metallic rod. You will then pass a rope, like the white laundry rope, through the hole
Hanging a Cabbage for Your Chickens
Hanging a Cabbage for Your Chickens

One way to cut down on the costs and also vary the diet and prevent boredom in your birds is by supplementing their diets with various other feeds, particularly the household leftovers. There are some taboo foods that you should NEVER give your chickens such as garlic, onions or even potato peels. Those are out of bounds.

Also when you are supplementing the diet of your poultry, it is important that you do in moderation. Don’t overfeed them on food leftovers all of a sudden. Do it little by little and also gradually. It is important to keep in mind that the majority of the intake for your improved breeds should come from their foods such as layers mash in order to maximize on their production. These commercial feeds have been formulated in order to meet the all the dietary requirements of your chickens so that they can thrive well in your backyard and also lay more eggs or mature faster if you are rearing them for meat.

Yellow Maize is Very Good For Your Chicken
Yellow Maize is Very Good For Your Chicken

If you over supplement, you could not just compromise the health of your chickens but also decrease egg production. Do it but do it moderation. Feed in the morning and in the afternoon, let them scavenge in the chicken run up to about 6pm in the evening. Hang cabbages and other vegetable leftovers in the chicken runs in order to keep them busy when they are retiring in the evening or running away from the hot sunshine outside. Another way to save on feeding costs is by formulating your own feeds. For additional information on Kienyeji Feed Formulation, visit here.

Here is a List of Some of the Food Leftovers that your Chicken Can Eat:-

  • Cooked Beans
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbages
  • Carrots
  • Tomatoes
  • Pumpkins
  • Sukuma Wiki
  • Spinach
  • Cauliflower
  • Cooked potatoes-don’t give them peels
  • Crushed maize, especially yellow maize
  • Bananas
  • Strawberries
  • Apples
  • Cooked rice
  • Bread
  • Grit
  • Cheese
  • Omena
  • Ochong’a or small reddish fishes. They are smaller than omena
  • Dried and crushed egg shells

Things to AVOID Giving Your Chickens

  • Onions
  • Avocado skin
  • Sugar
  • Salt
  • Citrus
  • Uncooked beans
  • Raw potato skins